While there is a federal law against the use of steroids, each state does have the ability to set their own laws as well. This makes it utterly important to people who choose to use steroids to make sure they know the laws in the state they are in. So, each state can decide where to place anabolic steroids in the Substance schedules, how to define anabolic steroids and how to punish crimes related to these laws.
With this law, not only did the use of steroids become illegal, it change the way that people who chose to still use them could learn about them. For example, because these steroids are illegal, law enforcement started monitoring chat rooms on the Internet as well as website claiming to sell steroids.
These laws bring up an interesting dynamic because most people will agree that steroids have the potential to cause serious health problems. The differing opinions, however, come because some people believe that it is possible to use anabolic steroids safely and effectively. The problems arise when, because of the laws, people who use steroids cannot get the information they need to use the drugs safely and cannot get the medical care (in the form of regular blood work and physician advice) to make sure they are not doing irreversible damage to their systems.
That being said, often times professional athletes have trainers, coaches and team physicians that can give them accurate advice in relation to steroids as well as the medical care needed to prevent huge problems and can therefore use them safely (of course, this isn’t taking into consideration the “cheating” factor that many people associate with steroid use.) Amateurs and adolescents often get their information through hear-say and don’t have access to the medical observation that should go along with steroid use and therefore are at a higher risk of using them improperly and unsafely.
This is why many people are against the illegalization of steroids – because it prevents the flow of information as well as situations necessary for studies of both short and long term effects of steroids.